Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

M. Novack

Regularity for Minimizers of a Planar Partitioning Problem with Cusps

created by novack on 22 May 2023



Inserted: 22 may 2023

Pages: 29
Year: 2023

ArXiv: 2305.11865 PDF


We study the regularity of minimizers for a variant of the soap bubble cluster problem: \[ \min \sum_{\ell=0}^N c_{\ell} P( S_\ell)\,, \] where $c_\ell>0$, among partitions $\{S_0,\dots,S_N,G\}$ of $\mathbb{R}^2$ satisfying $\lvert G \rvert \leq \delta$ and an area constraint on each $S_\ell$ for $1\leq \ell \leq N$. If $\delta>0$, we prove that for any minimizer, each $\partial S_{\ell}$ is $C^{1,1}$ and consists of finitely many curves of constant curvature. Any such curve contained in $\partial S_{\ell} \cap \partial S_{m}$ or $\partial S_\ell \cap \partial G$ can only terminate at a point in $\partial G \cap \partial S_\ell \cap \partial S_{m}$ at which $G$ has a cusp. We also analyze a similar problem on the unit ball $B$ with a trace constraint instead of an area constraint and obtain analogous regularity up to $\partial B$. Finally, in the case of equal coefficients $c_\ell$, we completely characterize minimizers on the ball for small $\delta$: they are perturbations of minimizers for $\delta=0$ in which the triple junction singularities, including those possibly on $\partial B$, are "wetted" by $G$.