Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

M. Bonacini - R. Cristoferi - I. Topaloglu

Stability of the ball for attractive-repulsive energies

created by topaloglu1 on 04 Jul 2022


Submitted Paper

Inserted: 4 jul 2022
Last Updated: 4 jul 2022

Year: 2022

ArXiv: 2207.00388 PDF


We consider a class of attractive-repulsive energies, given by the sum of two nonlocal interactions with power-law kernels, defined over sets with fixed measure. It has recently been proved by R. Frank and E. Lieb that the ball is the unique (up to translation) global minimizer for sufficiently large mass. We focus on the issue of the stability of the ball, in the sense of the positivity of the second variation of the energy with respect to smooth perturbations of the boundary of the ball. We characterize the range of masses for which the second variation is positive definite (large masses) or negative definite (small masses). Moreover, we prove that the stability of the ball implies its local minimality among sets sufficiently close in the Hausdorff distance, but not in $L^1$-sense.