Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory
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S. Bianchini - S. Daneri

On Sudakov's type decomposition of transference plans with norm costs

created by daneri on 08 Nov 2013
modified on 04 Dec 2020


Published Paper

Inserted: 8 nov 2013
Last Updated: 4 dec 2020

Journal: Memoires of the American Mathematical Society
Year: 2018


We consider the original strategy proposed by Sudakov for solving the Monge transportation problem with norm cost $|\cdot|_{D^*}$ \[ \min \bigg\{ \int |{\mathtt T(x) - x}|_{D^*} d\mu(x), \ \mathtt T : \mathtt{R}^d \to \mathbb{R}^d, \ \nu = \mathtt T_\# \mu \bigg\}, \] with $\mu$, $\nu$ probability measures in $\mathbb{R}^d$ and $\mu$ absolutely continuous w.r.t. $\mathcal{L}^d$. The key idea in this approach is to decompose (via disintegration of measures) the Kantorovich optimal transportation problem into a family of transportation problems in $Z_{\mathbf{a}}\times\mathbb{R}^d$, where $\{Z_{\mathbf{a}}\}_{\mathbf{a} \in\mathbf{A}} \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ are disjoint regions such that the construction of an optimal map $\mathtt {T}_{\mathbf a} : Z_{\mathbf a} \to \mathbb{R}^d$ is simpler than in the original problem, and then to obtain $\mathtt T$ by piecing together the maps $\mathtt T_{\mathbf a}$. When the norm $|\cdot|_{D^*}$ is strictly convex, it has been proved that the sets $Z_{\mathbf a}$ are a family of $1$-dimensional segments determined by the Kantorovich potential called optimal rays, while the existence of the map $\mathtt T_{\mathbf a}$ is straightforward provided one can show that the disintegration of ${\mathcal L}^d$ (and thus of $\mu$) on such segments is absolutely continuous w.r.t. the $1$-dimensional Hausdorff measure. When the norm $|\cdot|_{D^*}$ is not strictly convex, the main problems in this kind of approach are two: first, to identify a suitable family of regions $\{Z_{\mathbf a}\}_{\mathbf a\in\mathbf A}$ on which the transport problem decomposes into simpler ones, and then to prove the existence of optimal maps.

In this paper we show how these difficulties can be overcome, and that the original idea of Sudakov can be successfully implemented also for not strictly convex norms.

The results yield a complete characterization of the Kantorovich optimal transportation problem, whose straightforward corollary is the solution of the Monge problem in each set $Z_{\mathbf a}$ and then in ${\mathbb R}^d$. The strategy is sufficiently powerful to be applied to other optimal transportation problems.

The analysis requires:
1) the study of the transportation problem on directed locally affine partitions $\{Z^k_{\mathbf a},C^k_{\mathbf a}\}_{k,\mathbf{a}}$ of ${\mathbb R}^d$, i.e. sets $Z^k_{\mathbf a} \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ which are relatively open in their $k$-dimensional affine hull and on which the transport occurs only along directions belonging to a cone $C^k_{\mathbf{a}}$;
2)the proof of the absolute continuity w.r.t. the suitable $k$-dimensional Hausdorff measure of the disintegration of $\mathcal{L}^d$ on these directed locally affine partitions;
3)the definition of cyclically connected sets w.r.t. a family of transportation plans with finite cone costs;
4) the proof of the existence of cyclically connected directed locally affine partitions for transport problems with cost functions which are indicator functions of cones and no potentials can be constructed.


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