*Preprint*

**Inserted:** 5 sep 2024

**Last Updated:** 5 sep 2024

**Year:** 2024

**Notes:**

Given a divergence-free vector field ${\bf u} \in L^\infty_t W^{1,p}_x(\mathbb R^d)$ and a nonnegative initial datum $\rho_0 \in L^r$, the celebrated DiPerna--Lions theory established the uniqueness of the weak solution in the class of $L^\infty_t L^r_x$ densities for $\frac{1}{p} + \frac{1}{r} \leq 1$. This range was later improved in \cite{BrueColomboDeLellis21} to $\frac{1}{p} + \frac{d-1}{dr} \leq 1$. We prove that this range is sharp by providing a counterexample to uniqueness when $\frac{1}{p} + \frac{d-1}{dr} > 1$.

To this end, we introduce a novel flow mechanism. It is not based on convex integration, which has provided a non-optimal result in this context, nor on purely self-similar techniques, but shares features of both, such as a local (discrete) self similar nature and an intermittent space-frequency localization.

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