Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

A. Cucinotta

Convergence of the area functional on spaces with lower Ricci bounds and applications

created by cucinotta on 09 May 2024



Inserted: 9 may 2024
Last Updated: 9 may 2024

Year: 2024


The goal of this note is to prove convergence results w.r.t. the area functional on metric measure spaces with a lower Ricci curvature bound. The paper can be divided in two parts. In the first part, we show that the heat flow provides good approximation properties for the area functional on $RCD(K,\infty)$ spaces, implying that in this setting the area formula for functions of bounded variation holds and that the area functional coincides with its relaxation. Moreover, we obtain partial regularity and uniqueness results for functions whose epigraphs are perimeter minimizing. In the second part of the paper, we consider Ricci limit spaces (and also finite dimensional $RCD(K,N)$ spaces for some results) and we show that, thanks to the previously obtained properties, minimizers of the area functional can be approximated with minimizers along the converging sequence of manifolds. As a first application, we show that minimizers of the area functional on non-collapsed Ricci limit spaces are locally Lipschitz and satisfy a-priori gradient estimates. Secondly, we obtain a Bernstein-type result for area minimizers with sublinear growth at infinity.