*Preprint*

**Inserted:** 6 mar 2024

**Last Updated:** 9 mar 2024

**Year:** 2024

**Abstract:**

In this paper we propose a notion of $s$-fractional mass for $1$-currents in $\mathbb R^d$. Such a notion generalizes the notion of $s$-fractional perimeters for sets in the plane to higher codimension one-dimensional singularities. Remarkably, the limit as $s\to 1$ of the $s$-fractional mass gives back the classical notion of length for regular enough curves in $\mathbb R^d$.

We prove a lower semi-continuity and compactness result for sequences of $1$-currents with uniformly bounded fractional mass and support. Moreover, we prove the density of weighted polygonal, closed and compact oriented curves in the class of divergence-free 1-currents with compact support and finite fractional mass.

Finally, we discuss some possible applications of our notion of fractional mass to build up purely geometrical approaches to the variational modeling of dislocation lines in crystals and to vortex filaments in superconductivity.

**Keywords:**
Geometric measure theory, Variational methods, Topological singularities, Rectifiable Curves