Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

G. Palatucci - M. Piccinini

Asymptotic approach to singular solutions for the CR Yamabe equation

created by palatucci on 30 Jul 2023
modified on 20 May 2024



Inserted: 30 jul 2023
Last Updated: 20 may 2024

Year: 2023

ArXiv: 2307.14933v2 PDF


We investigate some effects of the lack of compactness in the critical Sobolev embedding by proving that a famous conjecture of Brezis and Peletier, Essays in honor of Ennio De Giorgi – Progr. Differ. Equ. Appl. 1989 does still hold in the Heisenberg framework: optimal functions for a natural subcritical approximations of the Sobolev quotient concentrate energy at exactly one point which is a critical point of the Robin function (i. e., the diagonal of the regular part of the Green function associated to the involved domain), in clear accordance with the underlying sub-Riemannian geometry. Consequently, a new suitable definition of domains geometrical regular near their characteristic set is introduced. In order to achieve the aforementioned result, we need to combine proper estimates and tools to attack the related CR Yamabe equation (Jerison & Lee, J. Diff. Geom. 1987) with novel feasible ingredients in PDEs and Calculus of Variations which also aim to constitute general independent results in the Heisenberg framework, as for instance a fine asymptotic control of the optimal functions via the Jerison and Lee extremals realizing the equality in the critical Sobolev inequality J. Amer. Math. Soc. 1988.

Keywords: Heisenberg group, Sobolev embeddings, CR Yamabe