*preprint*

**Inserted:** 6 jul 2023

**Year:** 2023

**Abstract:**

We consider a non-local interaction energy over bounded densities of fixed mass $m$. We prove that under certain regularity assumptions on the interaction kernel these energies admit minimizers given by characteristic functions of sets when $m$ is sufficiently small (or even for every $m$, in particular cases). We show that these assumptions are satisfied by particular interaction kernels in power-law form, and give a certain characterization of minimizing sets. Finally, following a recent result of Davies, Lim and McCann, we give sufficient conditions on the interaction kernel so that the minimizer of the energy over probability measures is given by Dirac masses concentrated on the vertices of a regular $(N+1)$-gon of side length 1 in $\mathbb{R}^N$.