Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

G. Crippa - M. Inversi - C. Saffirio - G. Stefani

Existence and stability of weak solutions of the Vlasov-Poisson system in localized Yudovich spaces

created by stefani on 02 Jun 2023
modified on 04 Jun 2024


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 2 jun 2023
Last Updated: 4 jun 2024

Journal: Nonlinearity
Year: 2023

ArXiv: 2306.00523 PDF


We consider the Vlasov-Poisson system both in the repulsive (electrostatic potential) and in the attractive (gravitational potential) cases. In our first main theorem, we prove the uniqueness and the quantitative stability of Lagrangian solutions $f=f(t,x,v)$ whose associated spatial density $\rho_f=\rho_f(t,x)$ is potentially unbounded but belongs to suitable uniformly-localized Yudovich spaces. This requirement imposes a condition of slow growth on the function $p \mapsto \
_{L^p}$ uniformly in time. Previous works by Loeper, Miot and Holding--Miot have addressed the cases of bounded spatial density, i.e., $\
_{L^p} \lesssim 1$, and spatial density such that $\
_{L^p} \sim p^{1/\alpha}$ for $\alpha\in[1,+\infty)$. Our approach is Lagrangian and relies on an explicit estimate of the modulus of continuity of the electric field and on a second-order Osgood lemma. It also allows for iterated-logarithmic perturbations of the linear growth condition. In our second main theorem, we complement the aforementioned result by constructing solutions whose spatial density sharply satisfies such iterated-logarithmic growth. Our approach relies on real-variable techniques and extends the strategy developed for the Euler equations by the first and fourth-named authors. It also allows for the treatment of more general equations that share the same structure as the Vlasov-Poisson system. Notably, the uniqueness result and the stability estimates hold for both the classical and the relativistic Vlasov-Poisson systems.