*Published Paper*

**Inserted:** 8 may 2023

**Last Updated:** 30 jun 2024

**Journal:** J. Functional Anal.

**Volume:** 286

**Pages:** 110317

**Year:** 2024

**Doi:** 10.1016/j.jfa.2024.110317

**Abstract:**

We prove an integral-representation result for limits of non-local quadratic forms on $H^1_0(\Omega)$, with $\Omega$ a bounded open subset of $\mathbb R^d$, extending the representation on $C^\infty_c(\Omega)$ given by the Beurling-Deny formula in the theory of Dirichlet forms. We give a counterexample showing that a corresponding representation may not hold if we consider analogous functionals in $W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$, with $p\neq 2$ and $1<p\le d$.

**Keywords:**
Integral representation, Dirichlet forms, non-local functionals

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