Inserted: 28 mar 2023
Consider the wave equation with heterogeneous coefficients in the homogenization regime. At large times, the wave interacts in a nontrivial way with the heterogeneities, giving rise to effective dispersive effects. The main achievement of the present work is the introduction of a new ansatz for the long-time two-scale expansion inspired by spectral analysis. Based on this spectral ansatz, we extend and refine all previous results in the field, proving homogenization up to optimal timescales with optimal error estimates, and covering all the standard sets of assumptions on heterogeneities (both periodic and stationary random settings).