Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

V. Calvez - D. Poyato - F. Santambrogio

Uniform contractivity of the Fisher infinitesimal model with strongly convex selection

created by santambro on 24 Feb 2023


Submitted Paper

Inserted: 24 feb 2023

Year: 2023

ArXiv: 2302.12063 PDF


The Fisher infinitesimal model is a classical model of phenotypic trait inheritance in quantitative genetics. Here, we prove that it encompasses a remarkable convexity structure which is compatible with a selection function having a convex shape. It yields uniform contractivity along the flow, as measured by an $L^\infty$ version of the Fisher information. It induces in turn asynchronous exponential growth of solutions, associated with a well-defined, log-concave, equilibrium distribution. Although the equation is non-linear and non-conservative, our result shares some similarities with the Bakry-Emery approach to the exponential convergence of solutions to the Fokker-Planck equation with a convex potential. Indeed, the contraction takes place at the level of the Fisher information. Moreover, the key lemma for proving contraction involves the Wasserstein distance $W_\infty$ between two probability distributions of a (dual) backward-in-time process, and it is inspired by a maximum principle by Caffarelli for the Monge-Ampère equation.