Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

L. Brasco - F. Prinari - A. C. Zagati

Sobolev embeddings and distance functions

created by zagati on 30 Jan 2023
modified by brasco on 22 Nov 2023


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 30 jan 2023
Last Updated: 22 nov 2023

Journal: Adv. Calc. Var.
Pages: 43
Year: 2023


On a general open set of the euclidean space, we study the relation between the embedding of the homogeneous Sobolev space $\mathcal{D}^{1,p}_0$ into $L^q$ and the summability properties of the distance function. We prove that in the superconformal case (i.e. when $p$ is larger than the dimension) these two facts are equivalent, while in the subconformal and conformal cases (i.e. when $p$ is less than or equal to the dimension) we construct counterexamples to this equivalence. In turn, our analysis permits to study the asymptotic behaviour of the positive solution of the Lane-Emden equation for the $p-$Laplacian with sub-homogeneous right-hand side, as the exponent $p$ diverges to $\infty$. The case of first eigenfunctions of the $p-$Laplacian is included, as well. As particular cases of our analysis, we retrieve some well-known convergence results, under optimal assumptions on the open sets. We also give some new geometric estimates for generalized principal frequencies.

Keywords: p-Laplacian, capacity, distance function, Sobolev embeddings, Inradius, Lane-Emden equation