*Published Paper*

**Inserted:** 2 jan 2023

**Last Updated:** 7 aug 2023

**Journal:** J. Funct. Anal.

**Volume:** 285

**Number:** 9

**Pages:** Paper No. 110099

**Year:** 2023

**Doi:** https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jfa.2023.110099

**Abstract:**

We prove that, on any sub-Riemannian manifold endowed with a positive smooth measure, the Bakry-Émery inequality for the corresponding sub-Laplacian, \[ \frac{1}{2}\Delta(\Vert\nabla u\Vert^2) \geq \mathrm{g}(\nabla u,\nabla \Delta u) + K \Vert\nabla u \Vert^2, \quad K\in\mathbb R, \] implies the existence of enough Killing vector fields on the tangent cone to force the latter to be Euclidean at each point, yielding the failure of the curvature-dimension condition in full generality. Our approach does not apply to non-strictly-positive measures. In fact, we prove that the weighted Grushin plane does not satisfy any curvature-dimension condition, but, nevertheless, does admit an a.e. pointwise version of the Bakry-Émery inequality. As recently observed by Pan and Montgomery, one half of the weighted Grushin plane satisfies the $\mathsf{RCD}(0,N)$ condition, yielding a counterexample to gluing theorems in the $\mathsf{RCD}$ setting.

**Keywords:**
Grushin plane, Sub-Riemannian manifold, $\mathsf{CD}(K,\infty)$ condition, Bakry-Émery inequality, infinitesimally Hilbertian, privileged coordinates

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