Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

M. Fornasier - G. Savaré - G. E. Sodini

Density of subalgebras of Lipschitz functions in metric Sobolev spaces and applications to Wasserstein Sobolev spaces

created by sodini on 02 Sep 2022
modified on 25 Sep 2023


Published Paper

Inserted: 2 sep 2022
Last Updated: 25 sep 2023

Journal: Journal of Functional Analysis
Volume: 285
Number: 11
Year: 2022

ArXiv: 2209.00974 PDF


We prove a general criterion for the density in energy of suitable subalgebras of Lipschitz functions in the metric-Sobolev space $H^{1,p}(X,\mathsf{d},\mathfrak{m})$ associated with a positive and finite Borel measure $\mathfrak{m}$ in a separable and complete metric space $(X,\mathsf{d})$. We then provide a relevant application to the case of the algebra of cylinder functions in the Wasserstein Sobolev space $H^{1,2}(\mathcal{P}_2(\mathbb{M}),W_{2},\mathfrak{m})$ arising from a positive and finite Borel measure $\mathfrak{m}$ on the Kantorovich-Rubinstein-Wasserstein space $(\mathcal{P}_2(\mathbb{M}),W_{2})$ of probability measures in a finite dimensional Euclidean space, a complete Riemannian manifold, or a separable Hilbert space $\mathbb{M}$. We will show that such a Sobolev space is always Hilbertian, independently of the choice of the reference measure $\mathfrak{m}$ so that the resulting Cheeger energy is a Dirichlet form. We will eventually provide an explicit characterization for the corresponding notion of $\mathfrak{m}$-Wasserstein gradient, showing useful calculus rules and its consistency with the tangent bundle and the $\Gamma$-calculus inherited from the Dirichlet form.