*Published Paper*

**Inserted:** 18 jul 2022

**Last Updated:** 25 sep 2023

**Journal:** Mathematics in Engineering

**Year:** 2023

**Abstract:**

We study the energy of a ferromagnetic*antiferromagnetic frustrated spin system with values on two disjoint circumferences of the 3-dimensional unit sphere in a one-dimensional and two-dimensional domain. It consists on the sum of a term that depends on the nearest and next-to-nearest interactions and a penalizing term that counts the spin's magnetic anisotropy transitions. We analyze the asymptotic behaviour of the energy, that is when the system is close to the helimagnet*ferromagnet transition point as the number of particles diverges. In the one-dimensional setting we compute the $\Gamma$-limit of renormalizations of the energy at first and second order. As a result, it is shown how much energy the system spends for any magnetic anistropy transition and chirality transition. In the two-dimensional setting, by computing the $\Gamma$-limit of the renormalization of the energy at second order, we we prove the emergence and study the geometric rigidity of chirality transitions.

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