*Preprint*

**Inserted:** 11 jan 2022

**Last Updated:** 11 jan 2022

**Year:** 2022

**Abstract:**

We establish a structure theorem for minimizing sequences for the isoperimetric problem on noncompact $\mathsf{RCD}(K,N)$ spaces $(X,\mathsf{d},\mathcal{H}^N)$. Under the sole (necessary) assumption that the measure of unit balls is uniformly bounded away from zero, we prove that the limit of such a sequence is identified by a finite collection of isoperimetric regions possibly contained in pointed Gromov--Hausdorff limits of the ambient space $X$ along diverging sequences of points. The number of such regions is bounded linearly in terms of the measure of the minimizing sequence.

The result follows from a new generalized compactness theorem, which identifies the limit of a sequence of sets $E_i\subset X_i$ with uniformly bounded measure and perimeter, where $(X_i,\mathsf{d}_i,\mathcal{H}^N)$ is an arbitrary sequence of $\mathsf{RCD}(K,N)$ spaces.

An abstract criterion for a minimizing sequence to converge without losing mass at infinity to an isoperimetric set is also discussed. The latter criterion is new also for smooth Riemannian spaces.