*Submitted Paper*

**Inserted:** 24 nov 2021

**Last Updated:** 24 nov 2021

**Year:** 2021

**Abstract:**

Given any $d$-dimensional Lipschitz Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with heat kernel $\mathsf{p}$, we establish uniform upper bounds on $\mathsf{p}$ which can always be decoupled in space and time. More precisely, we prove the existence of a constant $C>0$ and a bounded Lipschitz function $R\colon M \to (0,\infty)$ such that for every $x\in M$ and every $t>0$, \[ \sup_{y\in M} \mathsf{p}(t,x,y) \leq C\min\{t, R^2(x)\}^{-d/2}. \] This allows us to identify suitable weighted Lebesgue spaces w.r.t.~the given volume measure as subsets of the Kato class induced by $(M,g)$. In the case $\partial M \neq \emptyset$, we also provide an analogous inclusion for Lebesgue spaces w.r.t.~the surface measure on $\partial M$. We use these insights to give sufficient conditions for a possibly noncomplete Lipschitz Riemannian manifold to be tamed, i.e.~to admit a measure-valued lower bound on the Ricci curvature, formulated in a synthetic sense.

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