Inserted: 24 dec 2020
Last Updated: 24 dec 2020
We consider one of the classical manifold learning problems, that of reconstructing up to an almost isometry an embedding of a compact connected Riemannian manifold in a Euclidean space given the information on intrinsic distances between points from its almost dense subset. It will be shown that the most popular methods in data science to deal with such a problem, the classical Multidimensional scaling (MDS) and the Maximum variance unfolding (MVU) actually miss the point and may provide results very far from an isometry (and even may give no biLipshitz embedding). We will then provide an easy variational formulation of this problem which leads to an algorithm always providing an almost isometric imbedding with given controlled small distortion of original distances.
Keywords: manifold learning, multidimensional scaling, maximum variance unfolding, manifold embedding