Inserted: 11 jul 2020
Last Updated: 11 jul 2020
A shape optimization problem arising from the optimal reinforcement of a membrane by means of one-dimensional stiffeners or from the fastest cooling of a two-dimensional object by means of ``conducting wires'' is considered. The criterion we consider is the maximization of the first eigenvalue and the admissible classes of choices are the one of one-dimensional sets with prescribed total length, or the one where the constraint of being connected (or with an a priori bounded number of connected components) is added. The corresponding relaxed problems and the related existence results are described.