Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

B. Barrios - A. Figalli - X. Ros-Oton

Free boundary regularity in the parabolic fractional obstacle problem

created by figalli on 26 Jun 2017


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 26 jun 2017
Last Updated: 26 jun 2017

Journal: Comm. Pure Appl. Math.
Year: 2017


The parabolic obstacle problem for the fractional Laplacian naturally arises in American option models when the assets prices are driven by pure jump L\'evy processes. In this paper we study the regularity of the free boundary. Our main result establishes that, when $s>\frac12$, the free boundary is a $C^{1,\alpha}$ graph in $x$ and $t$ near any regular free boundary point $(x_0,t_0)\in \partial\{u>\varphi\}$. Furthermore, we also prove that solutions $u$ are $C^{1+s}$ in $x$ and $t$ near such points, with a precise expansion of the form \[u(x,t)-\varphi(x)=c_0\bigl((x-x_0)\cdot e+\kappa(t-t_0)\bigr)_+^{1+s}+o\bigl(
^{1+s+\alpha}\bigr),\] with $c_0>0$, $e\in \mathbb{S}^{n-1}$, and $a>0$.