Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

S. Di Marino - A. R. Mészáros

Uniqueness issues for evolution equations with density constraints

created by mészáros on 07 Feb 2016
modified on 17 May 2016


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 7 feb 2016
Last Updated: 17 may 2016

Journal: Math. Models Methods Appl. Sci.
Year: 2016


In this paper we present some basic uniqueness results for evolutive equations under density constraints. First, we develop a rigorous proof of a well-known result (among specialists) in the case where the spontaneous velocity field satisfies a monotonicity assumption: we prove the uniqueness of a solution for first order systems modeling crowd motion with hard congestion effects, introduced recently by Maury et al. The monotonicity of the velocity field implies that the $2-$Wasserstein distance along two solutions is $\lambda$-contractive, which in particular implies uniqueness. In the case of diffusive models, we prove the uniqueness of a solution passing through the dual equation, where we use some well-known parabolic estimates to conclude an $L^1-$contraction property. In this case, by the regularization effect of the non-degenerate diffusion, the result follows even if the given velocity field is only $L^\infty$ as in the standard Fokker-Planck equation.