Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

G. P. Leonardi - F. Maggi

Improved convergence theorems for bubble clusters. II. The three-dimensional case

created by maggi on 25 May 2015
modified on 21 Oct 2016


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 25 may 2015
Last Updated: 21 oct 2016

Journal: Indiana U Math Journal
Year: 2015


Given a sequence $\{\mathcal{E}_{k}\}_{k}$ of almost-minimizing clusters in $\mathbb{R}^3$ which converges in $L^{1}$ to a limit cluster $\mathcal{E}$ we prove the existence of $C^{1,\alpha}$-diffeomorphisms $f_k$ between $\partial\mathcal{E}$ and $\partial\mathcal{E}_k$ which converge in $C^1$ to the identity. Each of these boundaries is divided into $C^{1,\alpha}$-surfaces of regular points, $C^{1,\alpha}$-curves of points of type $Y$ (where the boundary blows-up to three half-spaces meeting along a line at 120 degree) and isolated points of type $T$ (where the boundary blows up to the two-dimensional cone over a one-dimensional regular tetrahedron). The diffeomorphisms $f_k$ are compatible with this decomposition, in the sense that they bring regular points into regular points and singular points of a kind into singular points of the same kind. They are almost-normal, meaning that at fixed distance from the set of singular points each $f_k$ is a normal deformation of $\partial\mathcal{E}$, and at fixed distance from the points of type $T$, $f_k$ is a normal deformation of the set of points of type $Y$. Finally, the tangential displacements are quantitatively controlled by the normal displacements. This improved convergence theorem is then used in the study of isoperimetric clusters in $\mathbb{R}^3$.