Inserted: 8 nov 2012
Last Updated: 11 oct 2013
Journal: Ann. Inst. Henri Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire
In this paper we investigate the small time heat kernel asymptotics on the cut locus on the class of two-spheres of revolution, which is the simplest class of 2-dimensional Riemannian manifolds different from the sphere with non trivial cut-conjugate locus. We determine the degeneracy of the exponential map near a cut-conjugate point and present the consequences of this result to the small time heat kernel asymptotics at this point. These results give a first example where the minimal degeneration of the asymptotic expansion at the cut locus is attained.