BV functions and parabolic initial boundary value problems on domains

created by paronetto on 29 May 2007
modified by pallara on 30 Mar 2010

[BibTeX]

Published Paper

Inserted: 29 may 2007
Last Updated: 30 mar 2010

Journal: Ann. Mat. Pura Appl.
Volume: 188
Year: 2009

Abstract:

Given a uniformly elliptic second-order operator $\A$ on a (possibly unbounded) domain $\Omega\subset\Rn$, let $(T(t))_{t\geq 0}$ be the semigroup generated by $\A$ in $L^1(\Omega)$, under homogeneous co-normal boundary conditions on $\partial\Omega$. We show that the limit as $t\to 0$ of the $L^1$-norm of the spatial gradient $D_xT(t)u_0$ tends to the total variation of the initial datum $u_0$, and in particular is finite if and only if $u_0$ belongs to $BV(\Omega)$. This result is true also for weighted $BV$ spaces. A further characterisation of $BV$ functions in terms of the short-time behaviour of $(T(t))_{t\geq 0}$ is also given.