Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

Regularity of the two-phase free boundaries.

Bozhidar Velichkov (Università di Pisa)

created by gelli on 16 Oct 2019
modified by velichkov on 07 Nov 2019

6 nov 2019 -- 17:00   [open in google calendar]

Aula Magna (Dipartimento di Matematica di Pisa)


We consider the two-phase functional $J_{TP}$ defined, for every function $u:D\to\mathbb{R}$ on an open set $D\subset\mathbb{R}^d$, as

$\displaystyle \qquad\qquad\qquad J_{TP}(u,D):=\int_{D} \vert\nabla u\vert^2\,dx+\lambda^2_+\vert\Omega_u^+\cap D\vert+\lambda^2_-\vert\Omega_u^-\cap D\vert,$

where $\lambda_+>0$ and $\lambda_->0$ are fixed constants, $\Omega_u^+=\{u>0\}$ and $\Omega_u^-=\{u<0\}$.

In this talk, we will present some recent results on the regularity of the free boundary $\partial\Omega_u^+\cup \partial\Omega_u^-\cap D$ of local minimizers $u$ of the two-phase functional $J_{TP}$ in a fixed open domain $D\subset\mathbb{R}^d$. Precisely, we will show that:

$-$ In dimension $d=2$, the free boundaries $\partial\Omega_u^+\cap D$ and $\partial\Omega_u^-\cap D$ are $C^{1,\alpha}$-regular curves (this result was proved in recent works of Spolaor-V. and Spolaor-Trey-V.);

$-$ In dimension $d>2$, the free boundaries $\partial\Omega_u^+\cap D$ and $\partial\Omega_u^-\cap D$ are $C^{1,\alpha}$-regular, up to a (possibly empty) one-phase singular set of lower dimension (De Philippis-Spolaor-V.).

In particular, these results complete (in any dimension) the analysis of the two-phase free boundaries started by Alt, Caffarelli and Friedman in TAMS, 1984