Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

M. Correddu - D. Trevisan

On Minimum Spanning Trees for Random Euclidean Bipartite Graphs

created by trevisan on 05 Jul 2024



Inserted: 5 jul 2024

Year: 2021

ArXiv: 2107.08452 PDF


We consider the minimum spanning tree problem on a weighted complete bipartite graph $K_{n_R, n_B}$ whose $n=n_R+n_B$ vertices are random, i.i.d. uniformly distributed points in the unit cube in $d$ dimensions and edge weights are the $p$-th power of their Euclidean distance, with $p>0$. In the large $n$ limit with $n_R/n \to \alpha_R$ and $0<\alpha_R<1$, we show that the maximum vertex degree of the tree grows logarithmically, in contrast with the classical, non-bipartite, case, where a uniform bound holds depending on $d$ only. Despite this difference, for $p<d$, we are able to prove that the total edge costs normalized by the rate $n^{1-p/d}$ converge to a limiting constant that can be represented as a series of integrals, thus extending a classical result of Avram and Bertsimas to the bipartite case and confirming a conjecture of Riva, Caracciolo and Malatesta.