Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

G. Pascale

Existence and nonexistence of minimizers for classical capillarity problems in presence of nonlocal repulsion and gravity

created by pascale on 06 Jun 2024



Inserted: 6 jun 2024
Last Updated: 6 jun 2024

Year: 2024

ArXiv: 2406.02735 PDF


We investigate, under a volume constraint and among sets contained in a Euclidean half-space, the minimization problem of an energy functional given by the sum of a capillarity perimeter, a nonlocal repulsive term and a gravitational potential energy. The capillarity perimeter assigns a constant weight to the portion of the boundary touching the boundary of the half-space. The nonlocal term is represented by a double integral of a positive kernel $g$, while the gravitational term is represented by the integral of a positive potential $G$.

We first establish existence of volume-constrained minimizers in the small mass regime, together with several qualitative properties of minimizers. The existence result holds even for rather general choices of kernels in the nonlocal term, including attractive-repulsive ones. When the nonlocal kernel $g(x)=1/\lvert x\rvert^\beta$ with $\beta \in (0,2]$, we also obtain nonexistence of volume constrained minimizers in the large mass regime. Finally, we prove a generalized existence result of minimizers holding for all masses, meaning that the infimum of the problem is realized by a finite disjoint union of sets thought located at "infinite distance" one from the other.

These results stem from an application of quantitative isoperimetric inequalities for the capillarity problem in a half-space.