Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

S. Terracini - G. Tortone - S. Vita

A priori regularity estimates for equations degenerating on nodal sets

created by tortone on 11 Apr 2024



Inserted: 11 apr 2024
Last Updated: 11 apr 2024

Year: 2024

ArXiv: 2404.06980 PDF


We prove $\textit{a priori}$ and $\textit{a posteriori}$ Holder bounds and Schauder $C^{1,\alpha}$ estimates for continuous solutions to singular-degenerate equations with variable coefficients of type \[ \mathrm{div}\left(
^a A\nabla w\right)=0\qquad\mathrm{in \ }\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n, \] where the weight $u$ solves an elliptic equation of type $\mathrm{div}\left(A\nabla u\right)=0$ with a Lipschitz-continuous and uniformly elliptic matrix $A$ and has a nontrivial, possibly singular, nodal set. Such estimates are uniform with respect to $u$ in a class of normalized solutions having bounded Almgren's frequency. More precisely, we provide $\textit{a priori}$ Holder bounds in any space dimension, and Schauder estimates when $n=2$. When $a=2$, the results apply to the ratios of two solutions to the same PDE sharing their zero sets. Then, one can infer higher order boundary Harnack principles on nodal domains by applying the Schauder estimates for solutions to the auxiliary degenerate equation. The results are based upon a fine blow-up argument, Liouville theorems and quasiconformal maps.