Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

R. Ognibene - B. Velichkov

Boundary regularity of the free interface in spectral optimal partition problems

created by velichkov on 09 Apr 2024



Inserted: 9 apr 2024

Year: 2024

ArXiv: 2404.05698 PDF


We consider the problem of optimal partition of a domain with respect to the sum of the principal eigenvalues and we prove for the first time regularity results for the free interface up to fixed boundary. All our results are quantitative and, in particular, we obtain fine estimates on the continuity of the solutions and the oscillation of the free interface (in terms of the modulus of continuity of the normal vector of the fixed boundary), even in the case of domains with low (Dini-type) regularity. Our analysis is based on an Almgren-type monotonicity formula at boundary points and an epiperimetric inequality at points of low frequency, which, together, yield an explicit rate of convergence for blow-up sequences and the boundary strong unique continuation property. Exploiting our quantitative blow-up analysis, we manage to prove clean-up results near one-phase and two-phase points. We define the notion of free interface inside the fixed boundary, and we prove that the subset of points of minimal frequency is regular and that the interior free interface is approaching the boundary orthogonally in a smooth way.