Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

G. Pascale - M. Pozzetta

Quantitative isoperimetric inequalities for classical capillarity problems

created by pozzetta1 on 08 Feb 2024



Inserted: 8 feb 2024

Year: 2024

ArXiv: 2402.04675 PDF


We consider capillarity functionals which measure the perimeter of sets contained in a Euclidean half-space assigning a constant weight $\lambda \in (-1,1)$ to the portion of the boundary that touches the boundary of the half-space. Depending on $\lambda$, sets that minimize this capillarity perimeter among those with fixed volume are known to be suitable truncated balls lying on the boundary of the half-space.

We prove two quantitative isoperimetric inequalities for this class of capillarity problems: a first sharp inequality estimates the Fraenkel asymmetry of a competitor with respect to the optimal bubbles in terms of the energy deficit; a second inequality estimates a notion of asymmetry for the part of the boundary of a competitor that touches the boundary of the half-space in terms of the energy deficit.

After a symmetrization procedure, the inequalities follow from a novel combination of a quantitative ABP method with a selection-type argument.