Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

F. Paronetto

An inhomogeneous Harnack inequality for parabolic equations and applications to elliptic-parabolic and forward-backward parabolic equations

created by paronetto on 23 May 2023



Inserted: 23 may 2023

Year: 2023

ArXiv: 2303.15357 PDF


We define a homogeneous De Giorgi class of order $p = 2$ that contains the solutions of evolution equations of the types $\uprho (x,t) u_t + A u = 0$ and $(\uprho (x,t) u)_t + A u = 0$, where $\uprho > 0$ almost everywhere and $A$ is a suitable elliptic operator. \\ For functions belonging to this class we prove an inhomogeneous Harnack inequality, i.e. a Harnack inequality that takes into account the mean value of $\uprho$ in different regions of $\Omega \times (0,T)$. \\ As a consequence we get a Harnack inequality for solutions, and in these case only for solutions, of elliptic-parabolic equations and of forward-backward parabolic equations. \\ As a byproduct one obtains H\"older continuity for solutions of a subclass the first equation: in particular the solutions of this subclass are H\"older continuous in the interface where $\uprho$ changes its sign.