Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

G. Di Fratta - V. Slastikov

Curved thin-film limits of chiral Dirichlet energies

created by difratta on 01 Feb 2023
modified on 14 Jun 2023


Published Paper

Inserted: 1 feb 2023
Last Updated: 14 jun 2023

Journal: Nonlinear Analysis
Year: 2022

ArXiv: 2212.07685 PDF


We investigate the curved thin-film limit of a family of perturbed Dirichlet energies in the space of $H^1$ Sobolev maps defined in a tubular neighborhood of an $(n - 1)$-dimensional submanifold $N$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$ and with values in an $(m - 1)$-dimensional submanifold $M$ of $\mathbb{R}^m$. The perturbation $\mathsf{K}$ that we consider is represented by a matrix-valued function defined on $M$ and with values in $\mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$. Under natural regularity hypotheses on $N$, $M$, and $\mathsf{K}$, we show that the family of these energies converges, in the sense of $\Gamma$-convergence, to an energy functional on $N$ of an unexpected form, which is of particular interest in the theory of magnetic skyrmions. As a byproduct of our results, we get that in the curved thin-film limit, antisymmetric exchange interactions also manifest under an anisotropic term whose specific shape depends both on the curvature of the thin film and the curvature of the target manifold. Various types of antisymmetric exchange interactions in the variational theory of micromagnetism are a source of inspiration and motivation for our work.