Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

L. Abatangelo - R. Ognibene

Sharp behavior of Dirichlet-Laplacian eigenvalues for a class of singularly perturbed problems

created by ognibene on 30 Jan 2023



Inserted: 30 jan 2023
Last Updated: 30 jan 2023

Year: 2023

ArXiv: 2301.11729 PDF


We deepen the study of Dirichlet eigenvalues in bounded domains where a thin tube is attached to the boundary. As its section shrinks to a point, the problem is spectrally stable and we quantitatively investigate the rate of convergence of the perturbed eigenvalues. We detect the proper quantity which sharply measures the perturbation's magnitude. It is a sort of torsional rigidity of the tube's section relative to the domain. This allows us to sharply describe the asymptotic behavior of the perturbed spectrum, even when eigenvalues converge to a multiple one. The final asymptotics of eigenbranches depend on the local behavior near the junction of eigenfunctions chosen in a special way. The present techniques also apply when the perturbation of the Dirichlet eigenvalue problem consists in prescribing homogeneous Neumann boundary conditions on a small portion of the boundary of the domain.