Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

N. Biswas - F. Sk

On generalized eigenvalue problems of fractional $(p,q)$-Laplace operator with two parameters

created by sk on 22 Dec 2022
modified on 09 Feb 2024


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 22 dec 2022
Last Updated: 9 feb 2024

Journal: Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh Sec. A: Math
Pages: 34
Year: 2023


For $s_1,s_2\in(0,1)$ and $p,q \in (1, \infty)$, we study the following nonlinear Dirichlet eigenvalue problem with parameters $\alpha, \beta \in \mathbb{R}$ driven by the sum of two nonlocal operators:
$(-\Delta)^{s_1}_p u+(-\Delta)^{s_2}_q u=\alpha
^{q-2}u\;\;\text{in }\Omega, \quad u=0\;\;\text{in } \mathbb{R}^d \setminus \Omega, \ \ \ \qquad \quad \mathrm{(P)} $
where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ is a bounded open set. Depending on the values of $\alpha,\beta$, we investigate the existence and non-existence of positive solutions to (P). A continuous curve in the two-dimensional $(\alpha,\beta)$-plane is constructed, which separates the regions of the existence and non-existence of positive solutions. We prove that the first Dirichlet eigenfunctions of the fractional $p$-Laplace and fractional $q$-Laplace operators are linearly independent and this plays an important role in the formation of the curve. Further, we demonstrated that every nonnegative solution of (P) is globally bounded.

Keywords: Nehari manifold, generalized eigenvalue problems, fractional $(p,q)$-Laplace operator, positive solution, linear independence of the eigenfunctions