Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

M. Huesmann - F. Mattesini - D. Trevisan

Wasserstein Asymptotics for the Empirical Measure of Fractional Brownian Motion on a Flat Torus

created by mattesini on 08 Aug 2022
modified on 15 Feb 2023


Published Paper

Inserted: 8 aug 2022
Last Updated: 15 feb 2023

Journal: Stochastic Processes and their Applications
Volume: 155
Pages: 1--26
Year: 2022

ArXiv: 2205.01025 PDF
Links: Journal


We establish asymptotic upper and lower bounds for the Wasserstein distance of any order $p\ge 1$ between the empirical measure of a fractional Brownian motion on a flat torus and the uniform Lebesgue measure. Our inequalities reveal an interesting interaction between the Hurst index $H$ and the dimension $d$ of the state space, with a "phase-transition" in the rates when $d=2+1/H$, akin to the Ajtai-Koml\'os-Tusn\'ady theorem for the optimal matching of i.i.d. points in two-dimensions. Our proof couples PDE's and probabilistic techniques, and also yields a similar result for discrete-time approximations of the process, as well as a lower bound for the same problem on $\mathbb{R}^d$.

Keywords: Fractional Brownian motion; Optimal transport; Empirical measure