Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

C. Kreisbeck - A. Ritorto - E. Zappale

Cartesian convexity in the theory of nonlocal supremal functionals

created by zappale2 on 15 Apr 2022



Inserted: 15 apr 2022

Year: 2022

ArXiv: 2204.06620 PDF


Motivated by the direct method in the calculus of variations in $L^{\infty}$, our main result identifies the notion of convexity characterizing the weakly$^*$ lower semicontinuity of nonlocal supremal functionals: Cartesian level convexity. This new concept coincides with separate level convexity in the one-dimensional setting and is strictly weaker for higher dimensions. We discuss relaxation in the vectorial case, showing that the relaxed functional will not generally maintain the supremal form. Apart from illustrating this fact with examples of multi-well type, we present precise criteria for structure-preservation. When the structure is preserved, a representation formula is given in terms of the Cartesian level convex envelope of the (diagonalized) original supremand. This work does not only complete the picture of the analysis initiated in Kreisbeck \& Zappale, Calc.~Var.~PDE, 2020, but also establishes a connection with double integrals. We relate the two classes of functionals via an $L^p$-approximation in the sense of $\Gamma$-convergence for diverging integrability exponents. The proofs exploit recent results on nonlocal inclusions and their asymptotic behavior, and use tools from Young measure theory and convex analysis.