Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

V. Julin - D. A. La Manna

A priori estimates for the motion of charged liquid drop: A dynamic approach via free boundary Euler equations

created by lamanna on 22 Nov 2021



Inserted: 22 nov 2021

Year: 2021

ArXiv: 2111.10158 PDF


We study the motion of charged liquid drop in three dimensions where the equations of motions are given by the Euler equations with free boundary with an electric field. This is a well-known problem in physics going back to the famous work by Rayleigh. Due to experiments and numerical simulations one expects the charged drop to form conical singularities called Taylor cones, which we interpret as singularities of the flow. In this paper, we study the well-posedness, regularity and the formation of singularities of the solution. Our main theorem roughly states that if the flow remains C{1,\alpha}-regular in shape and the velocity remains Lipschitz-continuous, then the flow remains smooth, i.e., C{\infty} in time and space, assuming that the initial data is smooth. Due to the appearance of Taylor cones we expect the C{1,\alpha}-regularity assumption to be optimal, while the Lipschitz-regularity assumption on the velocity is standard in the classical theory of the Euler equations. We also quantify the C{\infty}-estimate via high order energy estimates. This result is new also for the Euler equations with free boundary without the electric field. We point out that we do not consider the problem of existence in this paper. It will be studied in forthcoming work.