Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

A. Mondino - M. Vedovato

A Talenti-type comparison theorem for $\mathrm{RCD}(K,N)$ spaces and applications

created by vedovato on 08 Sep 2020
modified by mondino on 23 Mar 2021


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 8 sep 2020
Last Updated: 23 mar 2021

Journal: Calc. Var. PDE
Year: 2020

ArXiv: 2009.03189 PDF


We prove pointwise and $L^{p}$-gradient comparison results for solutions to elliptic Dirichlet problems defined on open subsets of a (possibly non-smooth) space with positive Ricci curvature (more precisely of an $\mathrm{RCD}(K,N)$ metric measure space, with $K>0$ and $N\in (1,\infty)$). The obtained Talenti-type comparison is sharp, rigid and stable with respect to $L^{2}$measured-Gromov-Hausdorff topology; moreover, several aspects seem new even for smooth Riemannian manifolds. As applications of such Talenti-type comparison, we prove a series of improved Sobolev-type inequalities, and an $\mathrm{RCD}$ version of the St.~Venant-P\'olya torsional rigidity comparison theorem (with associated rigidity and stability statements). Finally, we give a probabilistic interpretation (in the setting of smooth Riemannian manifolds) of the aforementioned comparison results, in terms of exit time from an open subset for the Brownian motion.

Keywords: Ricci curvature, Symmetrization, comparison theorem, elliptic PDE, Dirichlet form