*Accepted Paper*

**Inserted:** 4 aug 2020

**Last Updated:** 25 feb 2022

**Journal:** Potential Analysis

**Year:** 2020

**Abstract:**

We prove that in arbitrary Carnot groups $\mathbb G$ of step 2, with a splitting $\mathbb G=\mathbb W\cdot\mathbb L$ with $\mathbb L$ one-dimensional, the graph of a continuous function $\varphi\colon U\subseteq \mathbb W\to \mathbb L$ is $C^1_{\mathrm{H}}$-regular precisely when $\varphi$ satisfies, in the distributional sense, a Burgers' type system $D^{\varphi}\varphi=\omega$, with a continuous $\omega$. We stress that this equivalence does not hold already in the easiest step-3 Carnot group, namely the Engel group. As a tool for the proof we show that a continuous distributional solution $\varphi$ to a Burgers' type system $D^{\varphi}\varphi=\omega$, with $\omega$ continuous, is actually a broad solution to $D^{\varphi}\varphi=\omega$. As a by-product of independent interest we obtain that all the continuous distributional solutions to $D^{\varphi}\varphi=\omega$, with $\omega$ continuous, enjoy $1/2$-little H\"older regularity along vertical directions.

**Tags:**
GeoMeG