*preprint*

**Inserted:** 27 jun 2020

**Year:** 2020

**Abstract:**

In this article, we consider a partial differential equation with Caputo time-derivative: $\partial_t^\alpha u + Au = F$ where $0< \alpha < 1$ and $u$ satisfies the zero Dirichlet boundary condition. For a non-symmetric elliptic operator $-A$ of the second order and given $F$, we prove the well-posedness for the backward problem in time and our result generalizes the existing results assuming that $A$ is symmetric. The key is the perturbation argument and the completeness of the generalized eigenfunctions of the elliptic operator $A$.