Inserted: 10 dec 2019
Last Updated: 13 may 2022
Journal: Acta Applicandae Mathematicae
The controllability of a fully three-dimensional $N$-link swimmer is studied. After deriving the equations of motion in a low Reynolds number fluid by means of Resistive Force Theory, the controllability of the minimal $2$-link swimmer is tackled using techniques from Geometric Control Theory. The shape of the $2$-link swimmer is described by two angle parameters. It is shown that the associated vector fields that govern the dynamics generate, via taking their Lie brackets, all six linearly independent directions in the configuration space; every direction and orientation can be achieved by operating on the two shape variables. The result is subsequently extended to the $N$-link swimmer. Finally, the minimal time optimal control problem and the minimisation of the power expended are addressed and a qualitative description of the optimal strategies is provided.
Keywords: optimal control problems, motion in viscous fluids, micro-swimmers, resistive force theory, controllability