Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

S. Kryzhevich - E. Stepanov

The saga of a fish: from a survival guide to closing lemmas

created by stepanov on 17 Dec 2017
modified on 03 Apr 2020


Published Paper

Inserted: 17 dec 2017
Last Updated: 3 apr 2020

Journal: J. Differential Equations
Volume: 267
Number: 6
Pages: 3442-3474
Year: 2019

ArXiv: 1801.06200 PDF


In a recent paper by D. Burago, S. Ivanov and A. Novikov, "A survival guide for feeble fish", it has been shown that a fish with limited velocity capabilities can reach any point in the (possibly unbounded) ocean provided that the fluid velocity field is incompressible, bounded and has vanishing mean drift. This brilliant result extends some known point-to-point global controllability theorems though being substantially non constructive. We will give a fish a different recipe of how to survive in a turbulent ocean, and show how this is related to structural stability of dynamical systems by providing a constructive way to change slightly a divergence free vector field with vanishing mean drift to produce a non dissipative (i.e.\ conservative in the sense of not having wandering sets of positive measure) dynamics. This immediately leads to closing lemmas for dynamical systems, in particular to C. Pugh's closing lemma, the extension of which to incompressible vector fields over a possibly unbounded domain we provide here. The results are based on an extension of the Poincar\'{e} recurrence theorem to some $\sigma$-finite measures an on specially constructed Newtonian potentials.

Keywords: dynamical system, controllability, structural stability, closing lemmas