Inserted: 19 oct 2017
Last Updated: 17 dec 2019
Journal: Ann. Inst. H. Poincaré Anal. Non Linéaire
We characterize the (sequentially) weak and strong closure of planar diffeomorphisms in the Sobolev topology and we show that they always coincide. We also provide some sufficient condition for a planar map to be approximable by diffeomorphisms in terms of the connectedness of its counter-images, in the spirit of Young's characterisation of monotone functions. We finally show that the closure of diffeomorphisms in the Sobolev topology is strictly contained in the class INV introduced by Muller and Spector.