Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

A. Chambolle - V. Crismale

A density result in $GSBD^p$ with applications to the approximation of brittle fracture energies

created by crismale on 11 Aug 2017
modified on 13 Dec 2019


Published Paper

Inserted: 11 aug 2017
Last Updated: 13 dec 2019

Journal: Arch. Rational Mech. Anal.
Volume: 232
Number: 3
Pages: 1329-1378
Year: 2019
Doi: 10.1007/s00205-018-01344-7

ArXiv: 1708.03281 PDF


We prove that any function in $GSBD^p(\Omega)$, with $\Omega$ a $n$-dimensional open bounded set with finite perimeter, is approximated by functions $u_k\in SBV(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^n)\cap L^\infty(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^n)$ whose jump is a finite union of $C^1$ hypersurfaces. The approximation takes place in the sense of Griffith-type energies $\int_\Omega W(e(u)) \,\mathrm{d}x +\mathcal{H}^{n-1}(J_u)$, $e(u)$ and $J_u$ being the approximate symmetric gradient and the jump set of $u$, and $W$ a nonnegative function with $p$-growth, $p>1$. The difference between $u_k$ and $u$ is small in $L^p$ outside a sequence of sets $E_k\subset \Omega$ whose measure tends to 0 and if $
^r \in L^1(\Omega)$ with $r\in (0,p]$, then $
^r \to 0$ in $L^1(\Omega)$. Moreover, an approximation property for the (truncation of the) amplitude of the jump holds. We apply the density result to deduce $\Gamma$-convergence approximation \emph{\`a la} Ambrosio-Tortorelli for Griffith-type energies with either Dirichlet boundary condition or a mild fidelity term, such that minimisers are \emph{a priori} not even in $L^1(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^n)$.