Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory

D. Bartolucci - A. Jevnikar - Y. Lee - W. Yang

Uniqueness of bubbling solutions of mean field equations

created by jevnikar on 08 Apr 2017
modified on 11 Dec 2017


Accepted Paper

Inserted: 8 apr 2017
Last Updated: 11 dec 2017

Journal: J. Math. Pures Appl.
Year: 2017


We prove uniqueness of blow up solutions of the mean field equation as $\rho_n\rightarrow 8\pi m$, $m\in\mathbb{N}$. If $u_{n,1}$ and $u_{n,2}$ are two sequences of bubbling solutions with the same $\rho_n$ and the same (non degenerate) blow up set, then $u_{n,1}=u_{n,2}$ for sufficiently large $n$. The proof of the uniqueness requires a careful use of some sharp estimates for bubbling solutions of mean field equations (C.C. Chen - C.S. Lin) and a rather involved analysis of suitably defined Pohozaev-type identities as recently developed in (C.S. Lin - S. Yan) in the context of the Chern-Simons-Higgs equations. Moreover, motivated by the Onsager statistical description of two dimensional turbulence, we are bound to obtain a refined version of an estimate about $\rho_n-8\pi m$ in case the first order evaluated in (C.C. Chen - C.S. Lin) vanishes.

Keywords: uniqueness results, blow-up analysis, Geometric PDEs, Mean field equation, Pohozaev identities