Inserted: 5 mar 2017
Last Updated: 12 jan 2021
Journal: ESAIM Control Optim. Calc. Var.
In this paper we define a notion of calibration for an equivalent approach to the classical Steiner problem in a covering space setting and we give some explicit examples. Moreover we introduce the notion of calibration in families: the idea is to divide the set of competitors in a suitable way, defining an appropriate (and weaker) notion of calibration. Then, calibrating the candidate minimizers in each family and comparing their perimeter, it is possible to find the minimizers of the minimization problem. Thanks to this procedure we prove the minimality of the Steiner configurations spanning the vertices of a regular hexagon and of a regular pentagon.