Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory
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F. Maestre - A. M√ľnch - P. Pedregal

Optimal design under the 1d wave equation

created by maestre on 30 Apr 2008
modified on 03 May 2008



Inserted: 30 apr 2008
Last Updated: 3 may 2008

Year: 2007


An optimal design problem governed by the wave equation is examined in detail. Speci cally, we seek the time-dependent optimal layout of two isotropic materials on a 1-d domain by minimizing a functional depending quadratically on the gradient of the state with coecients that may depend on space, time and design. As it is typical in this kind of problems, they are ill-posed in the sense that there is not an optimal design. We therefore examine relaxation by using the representation of two-dimensional ($(x; t) \inR^2$) divergence free vector elds as rotated gradients. By means of gradient Young measures, we transform the original optimal design problem into a non-convex vector variational problem, for which we can compute an explicit form of the \'constrained quasiconvexifcation\' of the cost density. Moreover, this quasiconvexi cation is recovered by first or second-order laminates which give us the optimal microstructure at every point. Finally, we analyze the relaxed problem and some numerical experiments are performed. The perspective is similar to the one developed in previous papers for linear elliptic state equations. The novelty here lies in the state equation (the wave equation), and our contribution consists in understanding the di erences with respect to elliptic cases.


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