Calculus of Variations and Geometric Measure Theory
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F. Cavalletti - P. Antonini

Geometry of Grassmannians and optimal transport of quantum states

created by cavallett on 06 Apr 2021

[BibTeX]

Preprint

Inserted: 6 apr 2021
Last Updated: 6 apr 2021

Year: 2021

Abstract:

Let $\mathsf{H}$ be a separable Hilbert space. We prove that the Grassmannian $\mathsf{P}_c(\mathsf{H})$ of the finite dimensional subspaces of $\mathsf{H}$ is an Alexandrov space of nonnegative curvature and we employ its metric geometry to develop the theory of optimal transport for the normal states of the von Neumann algebra of linear and bounded operators $\mathsf{B}(\mathsf{H})$. Seeing density matrices as discrete probability measures on $\mathsf{P}_c(\mathsf{H})$ (via the spectral theorem) we define an optimal transport cost and the Wasserstein distance for normal states. In particular we obtain a cost which induces the $w^*$-topology. Our construction is compatible with the quantum mechanics approach of composite systems as tensor products $\mathsf{H}\otimes \mathsf{H}$. We provide indeed an interpretation of the pure normal states of $\mathsf{B}(\mathsf{H}\otimes \mathsf{H})$ as families of transport maps. This also defines a Wasserstein cost for the pure normal states of $\mathsf{B}(\mathsf{H}\otimes \mathsf{H})$, reconciling with our proposal.


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