*Accepted Paper*

**Inserted:** 21 jul 2020

**Last Updated:** 24 feb 2021

**Journal:** Trans. Amer. Math. Soc.

**Year:** 2020

**Abstract:**

The celebrated Lott-Sturm-Villani theory of metric measure spaces furnishes synthetic notions of a Ricci curvature lower bound $K$ joint with an upper bound $N$ on the dimension. Their condition, called the Curvature-Dimension condition and denoted by $\mathrm{CD}(K,N)$, is formulated in terms of a modified displacement convexity of an entropy functional along $W_{2}$-Wasserstein geodesics. We show that the choice of the squared-distance function as transport cost does not influence the theory. By denoting with $\mathrm{CD}_{p}(K,N)$ the analogous condition but with the cost as the $p^{th}$ power of the distance, we show that $\mathrm{CD}_{p}(K,N)$ are all equivalent conditions for any $p>1$ --- at least in spaces whose geodesics do not branch.

We show that the trait d'union between all the seemingly unrelated $\mathrm{CD}_{p}(K,N)$ conditions is the needle decomposition or localization technique associated to the $L^{1}$-optimal transport problem. We also establish the local-to-global property of $\mathrm{CD}_{p}(K,N)$ spaces.

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